Quick Answer: What Are Surface Currents Affected By?

What are the major surface currents?

Surface currents are created by three things: global wind patterns….Global Wind Patternstrade winds: east to west between the Equator and 30oN and 30oS.westerlies: west to east in the middle latitudes.polar easterlies: east to west between 50o and 60o north and south of the Equator and the north and south pole..

What are ocean currents affected by?

These currents are on the ocean’s surface and in its depths, flowing both locally and globally. Winds, water density, and tides all drive ocean currents. Coastal and sea floor features influence their location, direction, and speed. Earth’s rotation results in the Coriolis effect which also influences ocean currents.

What are surface currents definition?

A current is a stream of moving water that flows through the ocean. Surface currents are caused mainly by winds but not daily winds. Surface currents are caused by the major wind belts. These winds blow in the same direction all the time. So they can keep water moving in the same direction.

What is the most important cause of surface currents?

Surface currents in the ocean are driven by global wind systems that are fueled by energy from the sun. Patterns of surface currents are determined by wind direction, Coriolis forces from the Earth’s rotation, and the position of landforms that interact with the currents.

What are 3 things that affect surface currents?

Surface currents are controlled by three factors: global winds, the Coriolis effect, and continental deflections. surface create surface currents in the ocean. Different winds cause currents to flow in different directions. objects from a straight path due to the Earth’s rotation.