Quick Answer: Who Is Most Likely To Get Addison Disease?

What leads to Addison’s disease?

Addison’s disease is caused by damage to your adrenal glands, resulting in not enough of the hormone cortisol and, often, not enough aldosterone as well.

Your adrenal glands are part of your endocrine system.

The outer layer (cortex) produces a group of hormones called corticosteroids..

Can you live a long life with Addison’s disease?

People with Addison’s disease can lead normal lives as long as they take their medication. … In Addison’s disease, called primary adrenal insufficiency, the adrenal glands don’t make enough of a hormone called cortisol, or less often, a related hormone called aldosterone.

Is Addison’s disease serious?

If you have untreated Addison’s disease, you may develop an addisonian crisis as a result of physical stress, such as an injury, infection or illness. … An addisonian crisis is a life-threatening situation that results in low blood pressure, low blood levels of sugar and high blood levels of potassium.

Can you inherit Addison’s disease?

In most cases, Addison’s disease is caused by damage to the adrenal cortex (the outer part of the adrenal gland) due to an autoimmune reaction. In these cases, a person may not develop symptoms for months or years. … Rarely, Addison’s disease runs in families and may be due to a genetic predisposition .

At what age is Addison’s disease usually diagnosed?

Addison’s disease can potentially affect individuals of any age, but usually occurs in individuals between 30-50 years of age. Addison’s disease was first identified in the medical literature in 1855 by a physician named Thomas Addison.

Is Addison’s disease a critical illness?

Addison’s Disease Critical Illness Cover If the Addison’s Disease has been well controlled and there have been no recent episodes or issues then you should be accepted for critical illness cover at standard rates with no issues.

Who is most affected by Addison’s disease?

In the United States, Addison’s disease affects 1 in 100,000 people. It occurs in both men and women equally and in all age groups, but is most common in the 30-50 year-old age range.

What organs are affected by Addison’s disease?

Addison’s disease is a condition that affects your body’s adrenal glands. These glands are located on top of your kidneys. They make hormones that affect your mood, growth, metabolism, tissue function, and how your body responds to stress.

What autoimmune diseases are associated with Addison’s disease?

Primary hypothyroidism had the highest prevalence (20.5%), followed by vitiligo (9.6%), non-toxic goiter (8.4%), premature menopause (7.3% of the women), Graves’ disease (6%), pernicious anaemia (4.8%), Sjögren’s disease (2.4%), hypoparathyroidism (1.2%), type 1 diabetes mellitus (1.2%) and coeliac disease (1.2%).

Can Addisons be cured?

Addison’s disease cannot be cured but can be significantly improved with hormone replacement therapy and the avoidance of common triggers. If treated properly, Addison’s disease can be brought under control and you can be better assured of living a long and healthy life.

What does an adrenal crash feel like?

Symptoms of both forms include chronic fatigue, loss of appetite, muscle weakness, weight loss, and stomach pain. You might also have nausea, vomiting, low blood pressure, diarrhea, depression, or darkening of the skin.

Can stress cause Addison’s disease?

Physical stress, such as an injury, infection or illness, or emotional stress can worsen the condition of a person with Addison’s disease since their bodies lack the natural stress response hormones. … Normally functioning adrenals can put out the needed extra hormones to keep the body going – abnormal glands cannot.

What were your first symptoms of Addison’s disease?

Over time, Addison’s disease, also known as primary adrenal insufficiency, leads to these symptoms:Chronic fatigue and muscle weakness.Loss of appetite, inability to digest food, and weight loss.Low blood pressure (hypotension) that falls further when standing; this causes dizziness, sometimes to the point of fainting.More items…•

What should I eat if I have Addison’s disease?

What should I eat if I have adrenal insufficiency? Some people with Addison’s disease who have low aldosterone can benefit from a high-sodium diet. A health care professional or a dietitian can recommend the best sodium sources and how much sodium you should have each day.

Are people with Addison’s disease immunocompromised?

Addison’s patients lack killer immune cells. Summary: … Research led by University of Birmingham scientists has found that people suffering from the adrenal disorder known as Addison’s disease suffer from an immune system defect which makes them prone to potentially deadly respiratory infections.